How to install computer hard drive
This article explains the basic steps on how to install computer hard drive on a pc.
Saftey Precautions when working with pc components. Always be sure to unplug the power cablewhen working on the inside of your computer. You
want to make sure you dont risk gettinga lethal shock, or do possible damage to any components.
Also, ground yourself with a anti static wrist strap if you
have one. If not, touch something metal to ground yourself before you open up the case, and keep one hand or part of your body on the case, while
you are working on the computer.
This will help prevent any electrostatic discharge that may damage the components.
Read over the motherboard manual before you start. Make note of anything that relates to installing the hard drive. Look at the motherboard
component diagram. See where you have to connect the drive ribbon cable to the motherboard.
Look over the section on using the BIOS. You may need to use it to configure a drive.
How to install computer hard drive is a fairly simple job. The actual physical part requires a few tools. A phillips head screwdriver, and a
static wristband. (wristband is to ground yourself). If you dont have a static wristband you can ground yourself by keeping one hand on the frame
of the case. Be sure not to touch any chips or contact parts of the hard drive or the motherboard.
Keep the hard drive in its static bag, or container untill your are ready to install it. And dont set it on the case or anything metal.
First you want to read any documentation that may be included in your hard drive. Read the information on the jumpers or dip switches, this
information is usually printed on the hard drive case.
Jumpers are the little pins on the back of the Drive. Usually beside the power connenction. If you plan on having two hard drives in the
computer, you will have to set the jumpers in both computers. Example. Hard drive one would be set as master, and hard drive two would set as
If you are replacing an old drive, make note of the way the cables are all attached, same thing if you have to remove any cables from the
motherboard to make room to get drive in.
If you are just replacing a single hard drive, or putting one in a new system, the jumper switch will probably be left off. If you are
installing a the drive as a second one or slave, you will have to set the jumper switch. take off both sides of your computer case, as you will
need to secure the drive from both sides.
Next is to install hard drive into the case. If you are replacing an old drive can just put the drive into the same spot. Make sure there is
enough room in and around the spot where you install hard drive. You may have to unplug other things like cables to make room for the drive to
Power Connector and Data Cable
Plug in the power connector, and the data cable into the hard drive. Plug the data cable into the ide slot on the motherboard (if not already
done) once it is in where you want it, screw it into case with 2 screws on each side. Make sure they are good and tight.
Now you can put the sides back on the case proceed to setup the hard drive.
When you first boot up your computer, you might want to check your CMOS program to make sure the bios detects the Hard Drive.
Most PC's you hit the del key, right when you first start up computer. It should say "hit del to enter setup". Watch for this message right a
Once in the bios setup utility, check to see your hard drive in the Primary Master or Primary Slave, in the main page of the bios setup.
You may have to select the Primary Master or Primary Slave, then press enter to get the drive information.
It will display info like size on Cylinder, Head, Sector etc.
Uses Esc to exit the bios setup utility. You will be asked to save changes before you exit.
That is it you just learned how to install computer hard drive.
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